About NCRP: National Council on Radiation Protection & MeasurementsOur MissionNCRP Current ProgramNCRP News & EventsOrder NCRP PublicationsMembersRelated Organizations
   
   
   

 

Home  |  Publications  |  Reports  |  Report No. 160

NCRP Report No. 160, Ionizing Radiation Exposure of the Population of the United States

In 2006, Americans were exposed to more than seven times as much ionizing radiation
from medical procedures as was the case in the early 1980s, according to a new
report on population exposure released March 3rd by the National Council on Radiation
Protection and Measurements (NCRP) at its annual meeting in Bethesda, Maryland.
In 2006, medical exposure constituted nearly half of the total radiation
exposure of the U.S. population from all sources.

The increase was primarily a result of the growth in the use of medical imaging procedures,
explained Dr. Kenneth R. Kase, senior vice president of NCRP and chairman
of the scientific committee that produced the report. “The increase was due
mostly to the higher utilization of computed tomography (CT) and nuclear medicine.
These two imaging modalities alone contributed 36 percent of the total radiation exposure
and 75 percent of the medical radiation exposure of the U.S. population.”
The number of CT scans and nuclear medicine procedures performed in the United
States during 2006 was estimated to be 67 million and 18 million, respectively.

NCRP Report No. 160, Ionizing Radiation Exposure of the Population of the
United States
, provides a complete review of all radiation exposures for 2006.
Background radiation, which in 2006 contributed fully half of the total exposure,
comes from natural radiation in soil and rocks, radon gas which seeps into homes
and other buildings, plus radiation from space and radiation sources that are found
naturally within the human body.

Other small contributors of exposure to the U.S. population included consumer products
and activities, industrial and research uses and occupational tasks.

NCRP is working with some of its partners like the American College of Radiology
(ACR), World Health Organization and others to address radiation exposure resulting
from the significant growth in medical imaging and to ensure that referrals for
procedures like CT and nuclear medicine are based on objective, medically relevant
criteria (e.g., ACR appropriateness criteria).

 

Telephone: 1-301-657-2652, Ext. 14

Email: NCRPpubs@NCRPonline.org

Fax: 301-907-8768

Order NCRP Publications Online >

Instructions for Purchasing NCRP Publications >

Publications Order Form >

Copyright Permission >

^ Back to Top

 

 

NCRP Factfile

 

More about the
NCRP Program >

 
     
 

News & Events

 
 

NCRP has received funding from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (http://www.cdc.gov) to prepare a report on "Population Monitoring and Decontamination Following a Nuclear/Radiological Incident"

More NCRP News >

 
     
     
 

 
 

Order Publications
Online >

Common Abbreviations
& Acronyms >

Composite Glossary of Radiological Terms >

Contact Information >

Directions >

 
     
 

Home | About NCRP | Our Mission | Current Program | News & Events | Publications | Members | Related Organizations


© 2012, National Council on Radiation Protection & Measurements. All rights reserved.
Vision: The national scientific authority and a worldwide resource for radiation protection.
7910 Woodmont Avenue, Suite 400, Bethesda, Maryland 20814-3095
voice: 301-657-2652  |  fax: 301-907-8768  |   Executive Director, J.R. Cassata
Design and Consulting Provided by Capital Idea Ventures, Inc.